Which Muscles Does a Rowing Machine Work: The Four Major Groups

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People are into rowing machine these days and if you are interested to try this machine then you will be happy to know that there are plenty of benefits from using this exercise equipment. Now, before you say no to this one, know first which muscles does a rowing machine work so you know what to expect when you are using this one as workout equipment. In order to do that, here are the four major groups of muscles that you can hit when using a rowing machine.

The Four Muscle Groups

Working out and targeting specific areas of your body should be your goals when using rowing machines and if you want to know what these muscles are, this article can help you with that.

When you are using the rowing machine, you are basically targeting four major muscle areas; the back muscles, core muscles, leg muscles and the arm muscles. If you happen to be looking for a full body workout as well as cardio then this is the machine you should be using from now on. Regular use of rowing machines can pretty much do well for your body.

The Muscles on Your Back

There are three major muscles in your back that is used when rowing. They are the LatissimusDorsi, Trapezius and Rhomboids. Whenever you extend your arms, the tension from the handlebars is controlled by the LatissimusDorsi. By the time you pull back the handlebars, the trapezius muscles are the ones that controls and stabilizes the shoulder blades as well as the neck. The rhomboid muscles are also the ones the help in pulling back the shoulders.

The Muscles on Your Arms

The arms have deltoid, biceps and triceps muscles. When you are on a rowing motion, the deltoid muscles are the ones responsible for the whole movement. These muscles are connected in the shoulder blade, humerus and collar bone. The triceps help your arms in pulling the handles towards the body as soon as you release and extend your arms. The biceps on the other hand works when you are bending your arms at the elbow as you pull the handlebars towards your chest.

The Muscles on Your Legs

The gluteus maximus, hamstrings and quadriceps are the muscles found in your legs. The gluteus maximus work when you are using your legs to push the foot pedals. The quadriceps on the other hand supports the back of the upper leg and works mainly when the knees are bent during the starting position. It is also during the starting position when the hamstrings help the legs when you are pushing your body backwards at the base of the rower. The hamstrings are also known as one of the biggest muscles in the body.

The Core Muscles

Here you can find the erector spinae, abs and obliques. These muscles are very helpful to your lower back. Among these muscles, the erector spinae is the most common muscle injured when working on your core muscles. This muscle is the one responsible for bending and straightening your back. They are also a big help when you are bending or pushing your legs. The abs is the most common muscles found in the abdomen. They are work when you bend forward while rowing. The obliques are also important in stabilizing your body during your workout so your body stays straight instead of twisting while on the rower.


While there are plenty of rowing machine types, the motion used when working out are the same. However, it is best that you find the right kind of rowing machine to use. Make sure to do your homework first; research and do some studies before you buy one. Reading reviews about a certain rowing machine can help you big time in looking for the right kind of rower. It will also give you an eye view as to how the machine you like works. You should also consider the maker of the machine this way you don’t end up buying or replacing spare parts before you can even use it for a long time. So now that you know which muscles does a rowing machine work  go ahead and pick the rowing machine that you like. Make sure to read, read and read first before you decide to buy one. Compare products as well so you don’t waste money. We hope that you find this article helpful in your quest for the best rowing machines in the market.


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